‘Because’ has become a preposition, because grammar

Sentence first

If the title of this post made perfect sense to you, then you’re way ahead of me. But just in case, we’d best recap. Neal Whitman wrote a good article at Grammar Girl recently on the possible origins of because as a standalone preposition. This helpful passage from Whitman sets out the context:

In Standard English, the word “because” can be used two ways. One of them is to introduce a clause, as in “Aardvark was late because he was waiting for the repairman to show up.” Used this way, “because” is a subordinating conjunction. The other is to team up with “of” to form what’s called a compound preposition. For example, “Aardvark was late because of heavy traffic.” In the past three or four years, though, a new usage for “because” has been developing.

The new usage – older than 3–4 years, mind – is what Laura Bailey and

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Is NOAA’s Hiatus Gone? (Now Includes May Data)

Watts Up With That?

Guest Post by Werner Brozek, Edited by Just The Facts:

Werner Brozek – Data By Nick Stokes– Click the pic to view at source

Werner Brozek – Data By Nick Stokes– Click the pic to view at source

The above are plots of what the slopes NOAA’s surface temperature anomalies look like for the three intervals 1975 to 2000; 1950 to 2000; and 2000 to 2015. The top one is before adjustments and the bottom one is after adjustments, seemingly in an attempt to get rid of the hiatus. The given slopes are in degrees C/century.

Karl Popper said: “For it is always possible to find some way of evading falsification, for example by introducing ad hoc an auxiliary hypothesis, or by changing ad hoc a definition.”

So exactly what is the definition of a hiatus? NOAA defines a “hiatus” as a slowdown in warming and not a…

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NOAA Jumps The Climate Shark

Watts Up With That?

Guest Post by Willis Eschenbach

The Guardian, that endless source of climate activism, expoundeth as follows:

15,000 sq km of coral reef could be lost in current mass bleaching, say scientists

Noaa predicts third-ever global bleaching event could cause a 6% global reduction in coral reefs in less than two years.

A massive coral bleaching event currently ravaging coral reefs across the globe could destroy thousands of square kilometres of coral cover forever, US government scientists have said.

bleached coral

In figures exclusively released to the Guardian, scientists from the US National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (Noaa) said about 12% of the world’s reefs have suffered bleaching in the last year. Just under half of these, an area of 12,000 sq km of coral, may be lost forever.

Say what? NOAA is releasing secret results exclusively to the Guardian? What’s wrong with this picture?

So I have emailed the NOAA folks as…

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NFL Officials Over-Inflated Patriot Balls

Climate Audit

One of the ironies of the NFL’s conduct in this affair is that it can be established that NFL officials (under the supervision of NFL Executive Vice President Troy Vincent) over-inflated Patriot balls at half-time, the only proven tampering with Patriot balls. Brady and the Patriots were unaffected by the overinflation by NFL officials, as they destroyed the Colts in the second half.

Exponent must have noticed the over-inflation by officials, as it is implied by the post-game measurements, but failed to report or comment on it. Their avoidance becomes all the more conspicuous because many of the texts at issue in the Wells Report pertain to an earlier incident in which NFL officials had over-inflated Patriot balls, much to Brady’s frustration and annoyance at the time.

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More on Deflategate

Climate Audit

By converting football pressures to ball temperatures under the Ideal Gas Law, it is possible to conveniently show Colt and Patriot information – transients, simulations and observations – on a common scale. I’ve done this in the diagram shown below, and, in my opinion, it neatly summarizes the actual information. Commentary follows the figure.

Figure 1.  Transients as digitized from Figures 25 and 27 converted to temperature transients using Ideal Gas Law. Red- Patriot, blue- Colt; thick – dry; thin – wet; solid -Logo, dashed – Non-Logo.  Simulations shown in open circles: large –  Logo 67 deg F initialization; small – NonLogo 71 deg F initialization.  Observed average: solid circle- Non-Logo; + – Logo.

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